|Series||Local history pamphlets (University of Sheffield. Institute of Education) -- no.7|
|Contributions||University of Sheffield. Institute of Education.|
There are few primary series for the study of Derbyshire lead mining before the 16th century. By this time the unique set of laws and customs which govern Derbyshire lead mining were already well established. Most of the ore fields within the county were within the estate of the Duchy of Lancaster and thus belonged to the Crown. A royal inquisition held at Ashbourne in recognised . The map of the lead trade routes is based on one in ‘The Derbyshire lead industry in the sixteenth century’, by Dr Kiernan (). The portrait of Sir John Gell is from the illustrated copy of Lyson’s “Magna Britannia” in the Derby Local Studies Library and is included by courtesy of Derby City Library. The researcher’s interest in the lead mining angle was piqued by Stuart Band’s article in the Peak District Mines Historical Society’s Bulletin in Summer , entitled “An Ashover Lead Mining Tithe Dispute in the Seventeenth Century”, which mentions a Gyles Cowley. According to the researcher’s best information, this Cowley inherited mines, groves and mine shares in the Ashover area from his . The heyday of lead mining in the Peak was the 18th century, which saw the greatest volume of ore recovered and major new veins, such as that under Eyam Edge, opened up. By the end of the century many of the mines were quite deep and drainage had become a serious problem, for water problems plagued most of the mines in the area.
The 'jewels in the crown' of Derbyshire mineralogy are undoubtedly matlockite and phosgenite, which were first described in the 18th century from lead mines near Cromford. Two minerals new to science, sweetite and ashoverite, were described from a quarry near Ashover as recently as the s. [the domesday book] compiling the Site of a flourishing stocking-making industry in the 18th century. A well-dressing festival is held here in summer. Longdendale. Langenedele: long a lead-mining centre. Morley. Morelei / eia: Henry de Ferrers. A priest and a church; 16 villagers and 9 smallholders who have 4 ploughs. 3 lead mines; meadow, 26 acres; woodland pasture 2 leagues long and 2 leagues wide. Outliers of this Manor. In CROMFORD 2c; MIDDLETON 2c; HOPTON 4c; WELLEDENE 2c; CARSINGTON 2c; CALLOW 2c; (KIRK)IRETON 4c. Teacher's Notes Early Mining: A Brief History Lead Production in the 18th and 19th Centuries Mining Methods - Bell Pits and Hushes Mining Methods - Levels, Stopes, Deads and Spoil Mining Methods - Shafts Processing Ore - The Dressing Floor Processing Ore - The Smelt Mill Mining Landscape Where Miners Lived A Life of Extremely Hard Work Time for Fun and Games The End of an Era Grinton .
Hopkinson, G.G. "Lead Mining in the Eyam District in the 18th Century" Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 80 (), pp Ineson, P.R. and Al-Kufsishi, F.A.M. "The Mineralogy and Parsgenetic Sequence of the Long Rake Vein at Raper Mine, Derbyshire" Mercian Geologist, Vol.3 (), pf. By the late 18th century, the London Lead Company found their Derbyshire operations too costly and sold their Peak District concessions in By the end of the 18th century, most of the mines had closed, with only two continuing to operate into the 19th century. Population returns dramatically reflect the industrial decline. The end of lead-mining in Derbyshire. The Derbyshire lead industry declined after the late-eighteenth century because of worked-out veins, increased production costs and the discovery of much cheaper foreign sources. The industry was protected from this foreign . The mining and smelting of lead is Derbyshire's oldest industry apart from farming, and has long attracted attention from local antiquaries. By contrast, this is a detailed scholarly account of the industry during a period in which it emerged from late medieval decline into years of rapid growth, thanks to the introduction of new smelting techniques and the input of much great capital.